The geology here is rich in industrial minerals. Limestone, ironstone, fireclay and coal provided the ingredients to make iron and paved the way for an intense and very early industrial revolution to begin here.
The so-called father of the industrial revolution was born at Wren's Nest National Nature Reserve and the Black Country went on to become the world’s first large industrial area. The mining industry covered the land and turned it into a country ‘black by day and red by night’.
It is no surprise that many aspects of engineering and geological science began here amidst all this activity and experimentation. The intense demand for minerals drove new developments including the world’s first effective steam mines pumping engine (the Newcomen Engine at Conygrea 1712).
Come and explore past worlds in the Black Country.
Black Country Global Geopark application
We have submitted the Black Country Global Geopark application to the Global Geoparks Network and UNESCO in November 2015. After a UNESCO inspection visit in the summer of 2016 we are now awaiting the decision of our application which will become known in spring 2017. Information on the application can be found on the Sites To See page.